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ОТНОШЕНИЯ МЕЖДУ ПРЕЗИДЕНТОМ И КОНГРЕССОМ В СФЕРЕ ПРИНЯТИЯ ВНЕШНЕПОЛИТИЧЕСКИХ РЕШЕНИЙ В США: ТЕОРЕТИЧЕСКИЙ АНАЛИЗ

https://doi.org/10.24833/2071-8160-2018-4-61-219-240

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Аннотация

Цель данной статьи – предложить концептуальные рамки анализа отношений президента и Конгресса США в сфере принятия внешнеполитических решений. Формирование внешней политики США происходит, по всей видимости, при столкновении двух сил – рациональной бюрократической логики компромиссов и уступок, а также идеологических, партийных, институциональных и личных интересов лиц, принимающих решения. С учётом этого авторы приходят к выводу, что институт президентства, как правило, способен более оптимально работать на внешнеполитическом направлении, в то время как границы полномочий Конгресса в этой сфере подвижны, зависят от типа принимаемых решений и особенно чётко проявляются при распределении ресурсов для ведения внешней политики. В статье делается попытка вписать данный тезис в теоретический контекст моделей принятия решений Г. Аллисона, моделей практических ожиданий от внешней политики Л. Гамильтона, а также в контекст трансформации взаимоотношений Конгресса и президента США после холодной войны.

Об авторах

Т. Асади
Тегеранский университет
Иран

аспирант Факультета глобальных исследований,

16th Azar St., Enghelab Sq., Tehran



М. Арджманд
Тегеранский университет
Иран

PhD, преподаватель Факультета глобальных исследований,

16th Azar St., Enghelab Sq., Tehran



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Для цитирования:


Асади Т., Арджманд М. ОТНОШЕНИЯ МЕЖДУ ПРЕЗИДЕНТОМ И КОНГРЕССОМ В СФЕРЕ ПРИНЯТИЯ ВНЕШНЕПОЛИТИЧЕСКИХ РЕШЕНИЙ В США: ТЕОРЕТИЧЕСКИЙ АНАЛИЗ. Вестник МГИМО-Университета. 2018;(4(61)):219-240. https://doi.org/10.24833/2071-8160-2018-4-61-219-240

For citation:


Asadi T., Arjmand M. PRESIDENTIAL-CONGRESSIONAL RELATIONS IN US FOREIGN POLICY DECISION-MAKING: A THEORETICAL TREATISE. MGIMO Review of International Relations. 2018;(4(61)):219-240. https://doi.org/10.24833/2071-8160-2018-4-61-219-240

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