Preview

Вестник МГИМО-Университета

Расширенный поиск

Политическая пропаганда радикальных исламистских организаций в США

Полный текст:

Аннотация

В стратегии радикальных исламистских группировок растущее внимание уделяется привлечению сторонников в США. Вовлечение американских граждан представляется одним из элементов адаптации таких организаций к увеличивающемуся внешнему давлению и позволяет решать ряд разноплановых задач как на глобальном уровне, так и в локальных конфликтах. Опыт последних лет свидетельствует о формировании системы институтов, обслуживающих пропагандистскую деятельность радикальных исламистов. Участие американских граждан в распространении исламистских материалов, финансировании нелегальных организаций и осуществлении террористических актов свидетельствует о наличии практической отдачи от такой работы.

Об авторе

И. А. Истомин
Московский государственный институт международных отношений (университет) МИД России. Россия, 119454, Москва, пр. Вернадского, 76.
Россия
К.полит.н., преподаватель кафедры прикладного анализа международных проблем


Список литературы

1. Среди российских работ стоит упомянуть: Наумкин В.В. Ислам и терроризм // Россия, ЕС и международный терроризм. М.: Про-

2. бел-2000, 2004; Прозоров С.М. Ислам как идеологическая система. М.: Восточная литература, 2004; Пластун В.Н. Деятельность

3. экстремистских сил и организаций в странах Востока. Новосибирск: ИД "Сова", 2005; Малашенко А.В. Исламская альтернатива и

4. исламистский проект. М.: Весь Мир, 2006; Мусульманский опыт миростроительства: базовые цели и ценности, формы познания

5. и социокультурной организации: ист. опыт и российская ситуация. Вып. 5. М.: Научный эксперт, 2007; Мирский Г.И. Исламизм,

6. транснациональный терроризм и ближневосточные конфликты. М.: ИД ГУ ВШЭ, 2008; Косов Г.В. "Исламский мир" как субъект

7. внутренней и мировой политики: монография. Ставрополь: Параграф, 2010.

8. См. Murden S.W. The Problem of Force: Grappling with the Global Battlefield, Boulder, London: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2009. P. 25-44

9. Kilcullen D. The Accidential Guerrilla: Fighting Small Wars in the Midst of a Big One. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009. P. 14.

10. Jihad Against Jews and Crusaders. World Islamic Front Statement. 23 February 1998. http://www.fas.org/irp/world/para/docs/980223-

11. fatwa.htm

12. The National Security Strategy of the United States of America. September 2002. URL: http://georgewbush-whitehouse.archives.

13. gov/nsc/nss/2002/

14. См. Katzman K. Al Qaeda: Profile and Threat Assessment. Congressional Research Service. Report for Congress. August 17, 2005. P. 3; См.

15. также ben Laden O. Declaration of Jihad Against Americans Occupying the Land of the Two Holy Mosques. URL: http://historymuse.

16. net/readings/OsamabinLadenDECLARATIONOFJIHAD.htm

17. Wright L. The Master Plan // The New Yorker. 11.09.2006.

18. Al-Qaeda suffering from money troubles as Taliban thrives. 13.10.2009. URL: http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/asia/

19. afghanistan/6313986/Al-Qaeda-suffering-from-money-troubles-as-Taliban-thrives.html

20. Подр. см.: Nelson R., Sanderson T.M., Bagia A., Bodurian B., Gordon D.A. A Threat Transformed. Al Qaeda and Associated Movements

21. in 2011. Washington: Center for Strategic and International Studies, 2011. P. 7-11.

22. Ryan J. After Awlaki’s Death, Al Qaeda Still a Major Threat. URL http://abcnews.go.com/blogs/politics/2011/10/after-awlakis-deathal-

23. qaeda-still-a-major-threat/

24. См. Gorman S., Bradley M. Militant Link to Libya Attack // The Wall Street Journal. – October 2, 2012. – P.2.

25. См. Bin Laden: Goal is to bankrupt U.S. November 1, 2004. URL: http://articles.cnn.com/2004-11-01/world/binladen.tape_1_al-jazeeraqaeda-

26. bin?_s=PM:WORLD)

27. Blanchard C.M. Al Qaeda: Statements and Evolving Ideology. Congressional Research Service. Report for Congress. July 9, 2007. URL:

28. http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/terror/RL32759.pdf

29. Подр. см.: Игнатенко А.А. Ислам и политика. М.: Новиздат, 2004.

30. См.: Нетесова Ю.С. Исламистский терроризм в странах Европейского союза: диссертация канд. полит. наук. М.: МГИМО(У) МИД

31. России, 2012.

32. Kosmin B.A., Keysar A. American Religious Identification Survey (ARIS 2008). Summary Report. Hartford, Connecticut: Trinity College, March

33. P. 5. URL: http://b27.cc.trincoll.edu/weblogs/AmericanReligionSurvey-ARIS/reports/ARIS_Report_2008.pdf.

34. Muslim Americans: A National Portrait. The Muslims West Fact Project. P. 20-21. URL: http://www.gallup.com/strategicconsulting/153572/

35. REPORT-Muslim-Americans-National-Portrait.aspx

36. Muslim Americans: Faith, Freedom, and the Future. August 2011. P. 31. URL: http://www.gallup.com/strategicconsulting/153611/REPORTMuslim-

37. Americans-Faith-Freedom-Future.aspx

38. Bihi A. The Extent of Radicalization in the American Muslim Community and that Community’s Response. Testimony to the Committee

39. on Homeland Security. US House of Representatives. March 10, 2011. URL: http://homeland.house.gov/sites/homeland.house.gov/files/

40. Testimony%20Bihi.pdf

41. Miller G. U.S. charges 14 with giving support to Somali insurgent group. August 6, 2010. URL: http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/

42. content/article/2010/08/05/AR2010080503683.html.

43. См.: Al Shabaab: Recruitment and Radicalization within the Muslim American Community and the Threat to the Homeland. Majority

44. investigative report. One Hundred Twelfth Congress. U.S. House of Representatives. Committee on Homeland Security. July 27, 2011. URL:

45. http://www.investigativeproject.org/documents/testimony/384.pdf

46. Elliot A. A Call to Jihad, Answered in America. July 12, 2009. URL: http://www.nytimes.com/2009/07/12/us/12somalis.html?pagewanted=1&_r=0

47. См.: Shane Sc., Schmitt E. Qaeda Plot to Attack Plane Foiled, U.S. Officials Say. URL: http://www.nytimes.com/2012/05/08/world/middleeast/

48. us-says-terrorist-plot-to-attack-plane-foiled.html?_r=0).

49. Stern J. Al Qaeda, American Style. July 15, 2006. URL: http://www.nytimes.com/2006/07/15/opinion/15stern.html?pagewanted=print

50. Al Qaeda Urges Attacks in West // The New York Times. – June 4, 2011. – P. A5; Closing the ‘terror gap’ and the gun show loophole. June 7, 2011.

51. URL: http://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/closing-the-terror-gap-and-the-gun-show-loophole/2011/06/06/AGTKubKH_story.html

52. Thiessen M. Al-Qaeda's American-bred leadership. March 10, 2011. URL: http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/post-partisan/post/

53. al-qaedas-american-bred-leadership/2011/03/04/AB13qUQ_blog.html

54. Fattah H.M. Al Qaeda Increasingly Reliant on Media. September 30, 2006. URL: http://www.nytimes.com/2006/09/30/world/30jordan.

55. html?_r=2&ref=world&oref=slogin&

56. American Al Qaeda member Adam Gadahn tells of Jewish roots in video. June 14, 2009. URL: http://latimesblogs.latimes.com/lanow/2009/06/

57. american-al-qaeda-adam-gadahn-talks-about-jewish-southern-california-roots-in-new-video.html

58. Kohlmann E. Where's the Beef? Mystery Grows Surrounding Whereabouts of Adam Gadahn. May 20, 2008. URL: http://www.

59. familysecuritymatters.org/publications/id.154/pub_detail.asp

60. Ignatius D. How al-Qaeda tried to control the media. March 21, 2012. URL: http://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/al-qaedas-attemptsto-

61. control-the-media/2012/03/20/gIQAbu0EQS_story.html

62. Hegghammer T. Jihad Recollections. April 7, 2009. URL: http://www.jihadica.com/jihad-recollections/

63. Подробнее биографию Самир Хана см. Samir Khan: American Blogger and Al Qaeda Propagandist. February 6, 2008. URL: http://www.

64. adl.org/main_Terrorism/samir_khan.htm?Multi_page_sections=sHeading_1.

65. Cavendish J. Al-Qa'ida glossy advises women to cover up and marry a martyr. March 14, 2011. URL: http://www.independent.co.uk/news/

66. world/asia/alqaida-glossy-advises-women-to-cover-up-and-marry-a-martyr-2240992.html

67. Finn P. Inspire, al-Qaeda’s English-language magazine, returns without editor Awlaki. May 3, 2012. URL: http://www.washingtonpost.com/

68. world/national-security/inspire-al-qaedas-english-language-magazine-returns-without-editor-awlaki/2012/05/02/gIQAiEPMxT_story.html

69. Shephard M. Tweeting war: Somalia’s Al Shabab joins Twitter. December 8, 2011. URL: http://www.thestar.com/news/world/article/1099029-

70. -tweeting-war-somalia-s-al-shabab-joins-twitter; Gettleman J. Somalia’s Insurgents Embrace Twitter as a Weapon // The New York Times.–

71. December 15, 2011. – P. A10.

72. Подробнее см. Roggio B. US targets al Qaeda's al Furqan media wing in Iraq. October 28, 2007. URL: http://www.longwarjournal.org/

73. archives/2007/10/us_targets_al_qaedas.php#ixzz29ICbkkUh; Soriano M.R.T. The Road to Media Jihad- The Propaganda Actions of al-Qaeda

74. in the Islamic Maghreb // Terrorism and Political Violence. – 2010. – №1. – P. 72-88

75. Obituary: Anwar al-Awlaki. September 30, 2011. URL: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-11658920

76. Brahrampour T. Terror suspect took his desire to belong to the extreme. July 25, 2010. URL http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/

77. article/2010/07/24/AR2010072402497.html?sid=ST2010072106133; Hsu S.S. Arrest of Va. man spotlights al-Qaeda's new American recruiters.

78. August 1, 2010. URL: http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2010/07/31/AR2010073102680.html?sid=ST2010072106133

79. См.: Bejolpera J.P., Randol M.A. American Jihadist Terrorism: Combating a Complex Threat. Congressional Research Service. Report for

80. Congress. December 7, 2010. P. 21-22 URL: http://fpc.state.gov/documents/organization/153298.pdf)

81. Cabdulaahi Ahmed Faarax. URL: http://www.globaljihad.net/view_page.asp?id=1943

82. Fattah H.M. Al Qaeda Increasingly Reliant on Media. September 30, 2006. URL: http://www.nytimes.com/2006/09/30/world/30jordan.

83. html?pagewanted=1&_r=2&ref=world

84. См. IONA Brief Introduction. Islamic Organization of North America. URL: http://www.scholaris.com/islam/learning/PDF/handout/IONA_

85. BriefIntroduction.pdf; Mozaffar O.M. Caliphate is the New Jihad. 03.06.08. URL: http://www.ionamasjid.org/images/stories/Publications/

86. Articles/caliphateis%20the%20newjihad%20omer%20m.%20mozaffar.pdf; Muhammad Y.A. On Crafting Islamic Policy: the Methodology

87. of Islamic Social Science.

88. См., например, различающиеся выводы Bejolpera J.P., Randol M.A. American Jihadist Terrorism: Combating a Complex Threat. Congressional

89. Research Service. Report for Congress. December 7, 2010. P. 21-22 URL: http://fpc.state.gov/documents/organization/153298.pdf .


Для цитирования:


Истомин И.А. Политическая пропаганда радикальных исламистских организаций в США. Вестник МГИМО-Университета. 2012;(6(27)):94-103.

For citation:


Istomin I.A. Political propaganda of the radical Islamic organizations in the USA. MGIMO Review of International Relations. 2012;(6(27)):94-103. (In Russ.)

Просмотров: 21


Creative Commons License
Контент доступен под лицензией Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.


ISSN 2071-8160 (Print)
ISSN 2541-9099 (Online)