Marina M. Lebedeva – PhD in (Psychology), Doctor of Political Sciences, Professor, the Head of the World Politics Department, MGIMO-University. Russia, 76, Prospect Vernadskogo, Moscow, 119454. E-mail: World_Politics@MGIMO.ru.
Leili R. Rustamova – PhD in Political Sciences, assistant lecturer at the World Politics Department, expert of PhD and postgraduate study Department, MGIMO-University. Russia, 76, Prospect Vernadskogo, Moscow, 119454. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.
The social and humanitarian issues of world politics are playing an increasingly important role in the political development of the world. The article affirms that humanitarian problems can and should be considered together with the social ones, since in most cases, humanitarian and social processes accompany each other. The article sets the question whether the social and humanitarian spheres are under the process of transformation, and if so, how this process is going. The authors proceed from the assumption that the political organization of the world, which includes the Westphalian system, the system of interstate relations and the political systems of individual states, is transforming and the social and humanitarian spheres are under the influence of this process. The main results of the study are as follows. Firstly, social and humanitarian spheres are intensively developing due to the fact that in the modern world, people and human capital are becoming increasingly significant. Transnationalization within the framework of the Westphalian system leads to the involvement of huge masses of people in international relations. Thus network communications are being intensively formed. In turn, the disintegration of the bipolar system of interstate relations did not lead to the disappearance of the ideological factor, and the social and humanitarian issues became especially important in the interstate interaction. Secondly, in the modern world politics the social and humanitarian issues penetrate ever more intensively into other spheres: military-political and political-economic. In the military- political sphere the social and humanitarian aspects accompany almost all conflicts and they are used in two ways: on the one hand, to counter the enemy (for example in the so called "hybrid wars"), on the other - to reduce tensions and resolve conflicts. In the political and economic sphere, in the 21st century emerges the UN Global Compact, which forms the social responsibility of business on a global scale. In addition, both business and power structures organize various discussion platforms on political and economic issues. The social and humanitarian spheres also get their own development. At present, the sphere of higher education is more than others under the process of transformation. In the future, such social and humanitarian areas of world politics as health care, international tourism, etc also will go through changes. Russia has taken a course to build up its presence in the social and humanitarian spheres of world politics. In this connection on the basis of the analysis the authors give recommendations for Russia.
Key words: social and humanitarian issues of world politics, humanitarian aid, culture, sport, education, "soft power", development trends
1. Bolgov R.V. Vliyanie informatsionnoy revolyutsii na sovremennye vooruzhennye konflikty v gorodskikh usloviyakh [The Influence of the information revolution on modern armed conflicts in the framework of big cities]. Vestnik Orlovskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya «Novye gumanitarnye issledovaniya », 2011, iss. 2, pp. 286-288. (In Russian)
2. Klupt M. Mezhdunarodnoe izmerenie demograficheskoy politiki [International dimension of demographic policy]. Mirovaya ekonomika i mezhdunarodnye otnosheniya, 2015, no. 8, pp. 5–13. (In Russian)
3. Kubyshkin A.I., Tsvetkova N.A. Publichnaya diplomatiya SShA [Public diplomacy of the USA]. Moscow, Aspekt Press Publ., 2013. 271 p. (In Russian)
4. Lebedeva M.M. Politikoobrazuyushchaya funktsiya vysshego obrazovaniya v sovremennom mire [Political influence of higher education in the modern world]. Mirovaya ekonomika i mezhdunarodnye otnosheniya, 2006, no. 10, pp. 69-75. (In Russian)
5. Lebedeva M.M. Sistema politicheskoy organizatsii mira: «Idealnyy shtorm» [The system of political organization of the world: "The ideal storm"]. Vestnik MGIMO – MGIMO Review of International Relations, 2016, no. 2, pp. 125- 133. (In Russian)
6. Lebedeva M.M. Sotsialno-gumanitarnoe izmerenie mezhdunarodnykh otnosheniy v ATR [Social and humanitarian dimension of international relations in the Asia-Pacific region]. Mezhdunarodnye protsessy – International Trends, 2013, vol. 11, no. 1 (32), pp. 4-15. (In Russian)
7. Lebedeva M.M., Barabanov O.N. Globalnye tendentsii razvitiya universitetov i transformatsiya rossiyskoy obrazovatelnoy politiki [Global trends in the development of universities and the transformation of Russian educational policy]. Vestnik MGIMO – MGIMO Review of International Relations, 2012, no. 6, pp. 265-279. (In Russian)
8. Lebedeva M.M., Kharkevich M.V. Rol biznesa v transformatsii politicheskoy organizatsii mira [The role of business in the transformation of the political organization of the world]. Kontury globalnykh transformatsiy, 2018, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 34-51. DOI: 10.23932/2542-0240- 2018-11-1-34-51 (In Russian)
9. Joseph S. Nye Jr. The future of power. PublicAffairs, 2011. 320 p. (Russ. ed.: Nay Dzh. Budushchee vlasti / transl. by V.N. Verchenko. Moscow, AST Publ., 2014. 142 p.)
10. Nebolsina M.A., Nikitin A.I. Perspektivy mezhdunarodnogo regulirovaniya deyatelnosti chastnykh voennykh kompaniy [Prospects for the international regulation of private military companies]. Vestnik MGIMO – MGIMO Review of International Relations, 2016, no. 2, pp. 145-160. (In Russian)
11. Podberezkin A.I. Zhukov A.V. Publichnaya diplomatiya v silovom protivostoyanii tsivilizatsiy [Public diplomacy in the power confrontation of civilizations]. Vestnik MGIMO – MGIMO Review of International Relations, 2015, no. 6, pp. 106-117. (In Russian)
12. Rustamova L.R. «Myagkaya sila» vo vneshney politike sovremennoy Germanii ["Soft power" in the foreign policy of modern Germany]. PhD diss. Moscow, 2016. 177 p. (In Russian)
13. Tsygankov P.A. «Gibridnye voyny» v khaotiziruyushchemsya mire XX veka ["Hybrid Wars" in the Chaotic World of the 21st Century]. / V.A. Achkasov; Ed. by P.A. Tsygankov. Moscow, MGU Publ., 2015. 384 p. (In Russian)
14. Chepurin A. «Tri kita» rossiyskoy diasporalnoy politiki ["Three Whales" of the Russian Diaspora Policy]. Rossiya v globalnoy politike - Russia in global affairs, 2009, no. 3, pp. 127-138. (In Russian)
15. Burton J. Conflict and Communication: The Use of Controlled Communication in International Relations. London, Alden Press Publ., 1969. 246 p.
16. Gewin V. Communication: Post-truth predicaments. Nature, 2017, no. 541, pp. 425–427. DOI:10.1038/nj7637-425a
17. Hallahan K., Holtzhausen D., Van Ruler B., Veri D., & Sriramesh K. Defining strategic communication. International Journal of Strategic Communication, 2007, no. 1, pp. 3–35. DOI: 10.1080/15531180701285244
18. Kaufman J. Conference Diplomacy: An Introductory Analysis. 3d ed. Chippenhem (Wiltshire, G.B.): Antony Rowe Publ., 1995. 214 p.
19. Kelman H. The Problem-Solving Workshop in Conflict Resolution. Communication in International Politics / ed. by R. L. Merritt. Urbana, University Press Publ., 1972. Pp. 168-204.
20. Multi-Level Governance / ed. by I. Bache, M.Flinders. New York, Oxford University Press Publ., 2006. 252 p.
21. Nye J. How Sharp Power Threatens Soft Power. Foreign Affairs, 2017, no. 1.
22. Slaughter A.-M. A New World Order. Princeton, Princeton University Press Publ., 2004. 341 p.
23. Wilks St. The Political Power of the Business Corporation. Cheltenham (UK), Northampton (MA, USA): Edward Elgar Publishing House Publ., 2013. 336 p.