Renewables in Development of The Arab East (Case of Solar Energy)

Alexander O. Filonik – Ph.D. (Economics), leading researcher, Institute of Oriental studies, RAS, Russian Federation, 107031, Moscow, Rozhdestvenka st.,12. E-mail: fao44@mail.ru.
 
 
Vladimir A. Isaev – Dr.Sc. (Economics), principal researcher, Institute of Oriental studies RAS; professor, Institute of Asian and African countries, MSU, 1 Russian Federation, 107031, Moscow, Rozhdestvenka st.,12. E-mail: v-isaev@ yandex.ru.
 
 
Vladimir M. Morozov – Ph.D. (History), Associate Professor, Department of Diplomacy, MGIMO-University, vice-rector for human recourses, Russian Federation, 119454 Moscow, Vernadskogo av., 76. E-mail: morozov v m@mgimo.ru.
 
Archive: 
Вся статья: 

DOI 10.24833/2071-8160-2017-6-57-143-160 (Read the article in PDF)

The article analyzes problems of solar energy rise in the Middle East and North Africa. The Arab World possesses huge resources of oil and natural gas and gained great significance as a world producer and exporter of energy. The MENA region home market is also a big consumer of oil and gas. The study stresses the fact, that industrial processing of mass amounts of crude inside the region has already created serious constraints in development of the area. The further steps to overwhelm the aggravations may be positive if secured through minimizing serious threats, concentrating around problems of climate warming and green gases. The perspectives of doing well in this vital sphere are closely connected with the implementation of various kinds of renewables represented in the Arab East in supply, given the fact that the most preferred of them is the sun energy as economically more commercial and so far more effective in its competition with the traditional fuels. Meanwhile the study confirms that the Arab World as a whole is not yet ready for frontal deployment of this method of electric power generation. The real obstacle for the major part of the Arab countries is the inequality of their economic potentials and lack of financial support for industrial use of the new type of energy. There are also social and economic limits doing alongside with the macroeconomic factors. Insufficient experience and lack of competence are followed by more serious factors seeing in bureaucratic hurdles, passivity of national capital, incorrect distribution of functions among administrative bodies, etc. The whole situation is abnormally stressed due to the absence of flexible cost-reflective energy policy and improper billing mechanisms still dominating the region and braking promotion of solar energy industry. The study comes to the conclusion that any delay with building-up of most favorable grounds for the energy market in the MENA region may provoke mal-practicing of the whole business and then the ambitious arab plan for the solar energy development may find itself effective only to a certain degree.

Key words: renewable energy, solar energy, solar concentrating technology, PV energy, fossil fuel, investments, ecology, global warming, subsidies, prices.

References
1.    Isaev V.A., Filonik A.O. Katar: tri stolpa rosta [Qatar: three pillars of growth], Мoscow, 2015. P. 186. (In Russian).
2.    Soloviova Z.A. Razvitie solnechnoy energetiki v Marokko [Development of sun energy in Morocco]. Vostochnaya analitika. Setevoy analiticheskiy zhurnal Instituta vostokovedeniya Rossiyskoy akademii nauk 7.02.2017. URL: https://va.ivran.ru/articles?artid=6893 (accessed: 10.12.2017) (In Russian)
3.    Filonik A.O. Scenarii razvitiya arabskih stran do 2005. Scenarii i idei. Biulliuten. Moscow. 2013, vol. 1, no 4. 12 p. (In Russian).
4.    Bassam F., El-Katiri L. Energy Subsidies in the Middle East and North Africa. Energy Strategy Reviews. June 2013, vol. 2, Issue 1, pp. 108-115. DOI: 10.1016/j.esr.2012.11.004
5.    El-Katiri L., Husain M. Prospects of Renewable Energy in GSS States: Opportunities and Need for Reform. Oxford 2014. 21 p.
6.    El-Katiri L., Bassam F. Interconnecting the GSS States. Oxford Energy Forum, 2011. P. 10-12.
7.    El-Katiri L. Energy Sustainability in the Gulf States – The Why and the How. Oxford: Oxford Institute for Energy Studies, 2013. 32 p.
8.    Lahn G., Stevens P., Preston F. Saving Oil and Gas in the Gulf. Chatam House, 2013.
9.    Rubino A., Teresa M., Campi C., Ozuk I. Regulation and Investments in Energy Market Solution for the Mediterranean. Elsevier, 2016. 384 p.
10.    Swain A., Jagerskog A. Emerging Security Threats in the Middle East. The Impact of Climate Change and Globalization. Maryland: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2016. 208 p.