Boris F. Martynov – Professor of the MGIMO University, the Head of the Department of International Relations and Foreign Policy of Russia. av. Vernadskogo 76, Moscow, 119454, Russia.
Pablo Marcos Moloeznik – Research Professor (Ph.D), Department of Political Studies, University Center for Social Sciences and Humanities of the University of Guadalajara, Mexico. Guanajuato No. 1045, C.P. 44260. Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.
The article describes the problem of organized crime in modern Mexico. It addresses the activities of criminal clans, which profoundly evolved since the 1930s. The US-Mexican extensive border length and the stable demand for drugs in the United States leads to the continuous flow of illegal migrants and drugs from Mexico to the US and American firearms back to Mexico. First, the authors address the issue of interconnectedness of crime in the neighboring countries. Second, they describe the geographical distribution of crime activity. It shows the influence of organized crime on the political life oin Mexico and ways of its adaptation to law enforcement pressure, namely division and disaggregation.
The authors state that the fight against organized crime was ineffective in Mexico in 2006-2012, because it ignored political and cultural realities, it used exclusively force and almost did not involve civil society. In addition, it only increased the level of violence in the country and contributed to the growth of corruption in the ranks of law enforcement. Moreover, it increased the level of violence in the country and contributed to the growth of corruption in the ranks of law enforcement. Many of its components had a pronounced «pre-election» character, aimed at attracting the voter with the promise of an «early and decisive victory» over criminals.
The article proposes new approach to the problem of organized crime in Mexico. To start with, government should refuse to use unilateral, as well as politicized and opportunistic actions. The involvement of civic society is of ultimate importance.
Key words: Mexican organized crime, drug cartels, illegal immigration, drug traffic, US-Mexican relations.
1. Bagley, B. Drug Trafficking and Organized Crime in the Americas: Major Trends in the Twenty-first Century. Washington, D.C., Wilson Center, 2012. 22 p.
2. Chumakova, M. Bor`ba s prestupnost`yu: uroki dlia Meksiki I dlia Rossii [Struggle with the Criminalty: Lessons for Mexico and for Russia]. Russian International Affairs Council. Available at: http://russiancouncil.ru/inner/?id_4=2990#top-content (accessed: 23.02.2017).
3. Góngora J.-A., Moloeznik M.-P. Evolución del crimen transnacional organizado: un enfoque global para su combate. Separate papers. Universidad de Guadalajara (México). 2015. Pp.
4. Leoluca O. Towards a Culture of Legality (The Sicilian experience). Mexico, Metropolitan Autonomous University Publ., 2004. Pp.
5. Martinez Sanchez T. Jalisco Nueva Generación: an Epicenter of the Local-global Drug Trafficking. In: Moloeznik M.- P., Sumano A.R. (Org.) Security and Justice in Jalisco: Scenarios and Proposals. Mexico, University of Guadalajara Publ., 2016. Pр. 202-230.
6. Moloeznik M.-P. Apuntes críticos sobre las márecientes iniciativas de reformas legislativas del Presidente Felipe Calderón Hinojosa en material de seguridad y modelo policial. Letras Jurídicas. 2011. No. 12. Available at: http://letrasjuridicas.cuci.udg.mx/sitio/index.php/revista-numero-12-primavera-marzoseptiembre-de-2010?download=151 (accessed: 23.02.2017)
7. O`Nail S.K. Two Nations Indivisible: Mexico, the United States, and the Road Ahead. New York, Oxford University Press Publ.,
2013. 264 p.
8. Protsenko A. Meksika: evolutsiya kriminal`nych klanov [Mexico: The Evolution of the Criminal Clans]. In: Sovremennaya organizovannaya prestupnost: liki, spetsifika y metody protivodeystviya ei v stranakh Latinskoi Ameriki [Contemporary Organized Criminality: Faces, Specifics and the Methods of Fight with it in Latin America]. Moscow, ILA RAN Publ., 2017. рр. (in Russian)
9. Tamez M. Politics and Corruption. Mexico City. 2016. P.?
10. Transnatsional`nuy narcobiznes: novaya globalnaya ugroza [Transnational Narcobusiness; a New Global Threat]/ Moscow: ROSSPEN. 2002. 360 р. (In Russian).