Balkan’s Experience in Peacekeeping

Elena Y. Guskova – Doctor of Historical Sciences, head of the Center for the Study of the Modern Balkan Crisis of the Institute of Slavic Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences, a foreign member of the Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts and the Academy of Sciences and Arts of the Republika Srpska, a member of the Senate of the Republika Srpska. 119334 Moscow, Leninsky Prospect, 32-A, Kor. B. E-mail: jelenaguskova@gmail.com.
 
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DOI 10.24833/2071-8160-2018-3-60-72-88 (Read the article in PDF)

The article is devoted to one of the variants of the settlement in the Balkans – the activities of the peacekeeping forces in Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH). The issue is considered from the point of view of the universality of the method of the «Blue Helmets» deployment in the conflict territories, depending on the internal situation in the region. Today, the experience of the «Blue Helmets» in the territory of the former Yugoslavia is again becoming relevant regarding the active discussion on the issue of the introduction of international peacekeeping mission in Ukraine. It should be emphasized that the Yugoslav version of peacekeeping is not as unambiguous as it sometimes seems to be. The variants of the Blue Helmets’ missions were different in Croatia and BiH. Which of them were more successful in terms of preventing further hostilities? As the experience of the Blue Helmets in BiH has shown, the protection of only certain cities could not suspend hostilities and contributed to the strengthening of only one side of the conflict. More effective was the experience of peacekeeping in Croatia, where for several years the disengagement of the belligerents brought peace and the opportunity for the civilian population to avoid numerous victims. The drawback of the peacekeepers’ activities in Croatia was that they could not withstand the military offensive operations of the Croatian army in the Serbian region, in fact parting before it.

Key words: UN, Yugoslavia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, «Blue Helmets», peacemaking, crisis management.

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