«Humanitarians at War»: Assessing The Role of The International Committee of The Red Cross In The Immediate Aftermath of WWII

Gulnara I. Bayazitova – PhD in History, Associate Professor, Acting Head of Modern History and World Politics Department, University of Tyumen, Institute for Social Sciences and Humanities, Volodarskogo str. 6, 625003, Tyumen, Russia. E-mail: g.baiyazitova@utmn.ru.
 
 
Galina A. Nelaeva – PhD in Political Science, Professor, University of Tyumen, Institute for Social Sciences and Humanities, Volodarskogo str. 6, 625003, Tyumen, Russia. E-mail: g.a.nelaeva@utmn.ru.
 
 
Gulnur R. Sufiyanova – PhD in History, Associate Professor, University of Tyumen, Institute for Social Sciences and Humanities, Volodarskogo str. 6, 625003, Tyumen, Russia. E-mail: g.r.sufiyanova@utmn.ru.
 
Archive: 
Вся статья: 

DOI 10.24833/2071-8160-2018-1-58-265-270 (Read the article in PDF)

The book under review is written by Gerald Steinacher, a researcher from Nebraska-Lincoln University and deals with the analysis of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) activities in the period of 1944-1950. Using a variety of sources (archives, newspaper articles, reports and personal notes by ICRC representatives), the author attempts to demonstrate how the ICRC was trying to overcome a serious moral, organizational and financial crisis it found itself in: because of its failures to respond to the Holocaust and its activities to assist the former Nazis, it not only compromised its reputation and status, but also lost credibility in the eyes of the leading states of that time.

Key words: non-state actors, International Committee of the Red Cross, humanitarianism, the Holocaust.

References
1. Fox F. Conditioning the Right to Humanitarian Aid? Human Rights and the ‘New Humanitarianism. Rethinking Human Rights. Ed. by Chandler D. Palgrave Macmillan Publ., 2002. Pp. 19-37.
2. McMahon P. The NGO Game: Post-Conflict Peace-building in the Balkans and Beyond. Cornell University Press Publ., 2017. 238 p.
3. Steinacher G. Nazis on the Run. How Hitler’s Henchmen Fled Justice. Oxford, OUP Publ.. 2011. 411 p.