The problem of demarcation of the Yugoslav-Italian border, appeared in Europe at the end of World War II, but its premise began to take shape in the first quarter of the twentieth century, when Trieste and its environs became a part of Italy. With renewed vigor the problem of nationality of Istria and Venezia Giulia was manifested at the end of World War II in 1944, when People's Liberation Army of Yugoslavia, led by Josip Broz Tito passed the old Italo-Yugoslav border, took the part of these areas with a mixed Italian-Slovenian-Croatian population (including Trieste) and faced with the Anglo-American forces in the north-east of Italy. In this way, Istria was included into Yugoslavia. Trieste area has become a "battlefield" where shared sphere of influence of great powers.
This article deals with the immigration policy of the Italian Republic in the last decades in the context of EU membership and analyze the specifics of the migration flows into the country. These is preceded by a detailed analysis of the political situation in North
Africa before, during and after the "Arab Spring" as well as theinfluenceoftheregionalcrisisonmigrationpolicy in Italy and the European Union in general. The author distilled the experience of immigration policy in Italy into recommendations to improve the migration policy of the Russian Federation.
The article is dedicated to the new approaches for realisation of regional policy in Italy in the period of the 2nd Republic. In the focus of the analysis there is the process of the so-called devolution as a de facto federalisation of the political system in Italy and its institutional framework during the constitutional reform in the 2000-es. The regional cleavages within Italy are also analysed in the article (both the traditional ones, between the North and the South, and between Milan and Rome, and the new ones connected with the perspective development of the North East of Italy).
The Year of the Italian culture and the Italian language in Russia is about to finish. It can be said with certainty that the dual year happened to be striking and rich of events: more than 400 activities were held in different parts of Russia, and many of them were exceptional. The article covers some topics of the Year of Italy in Russia.
The author examines the main aspects of relations between Russia and Italy. This helps to explain the current state of these relations, which are characterized as “excellent and privileged”. The article begins with a description of the first contacts between the medieval Russia and the Italian states, and briefly covers the diplomacy of imperial and soviet periods in order to conclude with bilateral political, economic and cultural relationship of the last two decades.
The article reviews the major events and periods of the victorious counterattack of the Soviet army near Moscow which marked a turning point in the history of WWII. It was the first major defeat of Wehrmacht viewed by antifascist forces around the world as a beginning of the end for Hitler’s Reich. Using available Russian and foreign primary sources the author reconstructs the chain of events and the logic behind decisions and acts of the two parties in the Battle of Moscow. He is also trying to track the development of tactics and strategic command of the Red Army and to defy the Soviet victory in the military political history of the “Great War”, 1939-1945.
The article analyses the subjective and objective factors played out in the Battle of Moscow in December 1941 – April 1942. The author tries to fix the distorted picture of the events on the Moscow direction of the German–Russian front and the decisions of the Soviet leaders in the Russian and foreign history studies and memoirs.
The article reviews the Russian and foreign historiography of the Battle of Moscow, 30.09.1041 – 20.04.1942. The author discusses selected works on the Battle of Moscow presenting different viewpoints on this historic event. As a result the author outlines five periods in historiographis studies of the Battle in USSR and Russia. Overall the Battle is presented as a tipping point in the history of WWII opening the prospects for the final victory of the Nazi Germany and fascism.