The article analyzes potentials and problems specific to main segments of global civil community to formulate and implement a global agenda of secure and constructive development. Interactions between corresponding segments of global civil community and international governmental organizations, as well as, governments, a based on different, or even polar, approaches, influences and contributions. Scientific and academic communities may contribute to responsible social understanding of risks-provoking global threats and challengers. The modern agenda may be formulated on the basis of compromise- building approaches and a long-term cooperative strategy of all, both civil and public, segments.
The author deals with the complex of unsolved problems connected with the development of the conflict in Turkey. He stresses the history of the opposition, gives an objective picture of the events and shows the links between them. A special stress is made on the topicality of the Kurdish problem, on the transformation of positions of main actors and on the ways out of the problem
Based on the assumption that today the role of higher education is constantly growing in international politics, the article analyseses the development process of the European Higher Education Area (EHEA), launched by the Bologna process member–states in 2010. The EHEA presents a certain political choice, a pan European response to common challenges. The author suggests that the Area is currently facing five major challenges: the “à la carte” approach to implementation of its decisions by some members; low geographical consolidation; social and political obstacles to academic mobility; need for wider process ownership; and insufficient world attractiveness of the “Bologna brand”.
Under the influence of "Knowledge- Based Economy" the role and importance of universities as centers of social and socio-economic development has risen significantly. It is not a surprise that position of national universities in the world academic rankings largely reflect the ability of their countries to influence global politics. The authors consider the leading humanitarian universities as a major intellectual recourse and institution of a country. Special attention is given to the problem of distortion of Russian humanitarian universities’ place in world ratings that adversely affect their relative competi-tiveness.
The paper examines the institutional peculiarities of Chinese postgraduate courses and highlights the socio-economic transformations in higher educational system in China. The authors take note of the active demand for new professionals in academic market and in innovation-oriented industries. Chinese government has implemented science policy of the increasing the number of PhD programs, the improving professional training and the quality of scientific research.
In the article «European direction of British foreign policy in 1920–s» the author in a general way presented several books and articles which touched upon the issue of this article. The author depicted position of Great Britain in the world in the beginning of 1920–es, analysedtheattitudeof theForeignOfficetowardsFrance and Germany, showed the difference of the approaches of the Conservative and the Labour Parties towards the Soviet Union, examined the role of the United Kingdom during Locarno conference in 1925.
In the first half of 1918 the prominent Russian white diplomats and politicians tried to encourage the Allied and, particularly, the US intervention in Russia. It was perceived as the way to strengthen the anti– bolshevik movement in the country. At the same time many circumstances that caused Western powers leaders' hesitancy and uncertainty of intervention during it's preliminary stage to a considerable degree predetermined it's final failure.
The article is dedicated to historiography of the U.S. military intervention at the European North of Russia during the Civil war period. The author characterizes the leading scientific and popular works on this subject from the first quarter of the XXth century up to the present, the basic ideas and systems of approaches of American scientists. In the article are analyzed the general tendencies of development of historical representations on the place and role of the United States in this conflict, and the most original researches.
The subject of this article is researching of the main tendencies in modern historiography in reviewing the problems of Russian civil war. Analyzing great lot of works published during the last two decades, the author tries to find the answer to the most important question – who is responsible for unleashing of the most cruel civil war in human history.
The article provides analysis of multilateral donors’ measures directed at assisting Viet Nam to develop its social and economic sector. The author examines programs of multilateral donors, implemented in the main sectors of international development assistance and makes assessment of how these programs effect the indicators of social and economic development. In conclusion the author highlights thetendencyofshiftingmultilateraldonors’measuresfrom traditionaldevelopmentprogramstointegrationofpartner countries into the processes of world economy, revealed on the basis of econometrics model.