The article reviews the major events and periods of the victorious counterattack of the Soviet army near Moscow which marked a turning point in the history of WWII. It was the first major defeat of Wehrmacht viewed by antifascist forces around the world as a beginning of the end for Hitler’s Reich. Using available Russian and foreign primary sources the author reconstructs the chain of events and the logic behind decisions and acts of the two parties in the Battle of Moscow. He is also trying to track the development of tactics and strategic command of the Red Army and to defy the Soviet victory in the military political history of the “Great War”, 1939-1945.
The article analyses the subjective and objective factors played out in the Battle of Moscow in December 1941 – April 1942. The author tries to fix the distorted picture of the events on the Moscow direction of the German–Russian front and the decisions of the Soviet leaders in the Russian and foreign history studies and memoirs.
The article reviews the Russian and foreign historiography of the Battle of Moscow, 30.09.1041 – 20.04.1942. The author discusses selected works on the Battle of Moscow presenting different viewpoints on this historic event. As a result the author outlines five periods in historiographis studies of the Battle in USSR and Russia. Overall the Battle is presented as a tipping point in the history of WWII opening the prospects for the final victory of the Nazi Germany and fascism.