The article studies the perception of Modernism by the Catholic Church as a movement within the clerical structure and philosophy that existed during the 19-20th centuries in the framework of general skepticism and rejection of tradition, prioritization of individualism, formal equality, faith in inevitability of social, scientific and technological progress, rationalization and professionalization. A distinctive feature of this movement is the participation of the priests themselves, especially in France and Italy.
The article attempts to answer the question if there is a geopolitical school in Chile. It revews the origins of political thought in Chile as well as first geopoliticians of the new independent republic, such as B. O’Higgins. It analyzes the key events of the two periods in the history of Chile’s foreign policy of the nineteenth century – the period of regional and continental power politics. The Pacific War (1879-1883) of the continental period allowed Chileans to expand their «living space» and approved Chile as a key power in South Pacific.
The economic crisis of 2008-2010 caused extensive discussion among leading economists, financial experts, politicians about the need to reform the global financial system with capitals in New York and London. Today international financial centres are the key elements of the global financial system, which lined up mechanisms to attract and manage capital flows around the world. At the same time, in the academic literature and studies of leading financial organizations, there isn’t an established definition of “international financial center”.
The article reviews the current state of global energy security studies and proposes solutions for theoretical problems presented in those studies. For this purpose the global energy security has been defined as the state of international affairs free from crises, provoked by unilateral actions by states toward national energy security. Based on the analysis of global energy security as global public good and applying the international regimes theory, the author explores the substance of global energy security and approaches for its provision.
The article describes key aspects of global energy issues, with an emphasis on energy security. The Russian Federation is to face three inter-related challenges: provide energy security, stimulate economic growth and protect the environment, reducing emissions of greenhouse gases that will reduce the level of air pollution and contribute to the global improvement of the atmosphere. The author analyzes the status and prospects of world energy markets and the forecast of their development for the period up to 2050.
The article discusses current state of Russian electric power industry and the main problems of its development in the future of global energy revolution, which will lead to a significant increase in share of renewable energy in global production and consumption of energy and use of industrial energy storage, and will make it possible to change the structure of the industry and significantly reduce electricity prices. Traditional energy generation displacement by renewables associated with emergence of new, more cost effective technologies. Producers of “disruptive technologies” receive advantages over importers of innovations, which are especially noticeable during the formation of the new technological wave.
Almost all countries in the world actively regulate both import and export of agricultural products, however this process is very conflictгфд because of acute contradictions on the market. They are associated with the changing conditions of production, increase of attention of the world community to the food securitysituation, change of the used resources efficiency level, competition enhancement. Both internal and external components of agricultural producers support are important for Russia.
Civil aircraft industry market is а complex multistage system of manufacturers and consumers, which affects countries all over the world. The globalization and world economic growth caused inevitable merger of national markets into one system where the key role belongs to few corporations. In the article the author analyze peculiarities of civil aircraft industry global market shaping. Main reasons of aircraft industry centers appearance are considered through socio political and economic development of the industry.
The review analyses whe ther the work fits into the overall context of foreign policy and European studies in particular Spain. The conclusion is that the study is based on a wide range of sources and is the result of years of work by the author. A distinctive feature of this publication is its current importance, which is manifested, for example, in the analysis of contemporary processes of formation of Spain’s foreign policy in the context of the global financial and economic crisis. The author provides a consistent analysis of the main directions of Spain’s foreign policy as well as basic levels of foreign policy decisions - making.
In the analyzed publication the author presents the various aspects of the development of scientific school at MGIMO-University. The author made a special emphasis on the “human” dimension on the disclosure of personal features of the heroes of memories, who were somehow connected with the Moscow State Institute of International Relations. The details that can only be accessed by a direct participant in the events and that allow the reader to plunge into the social context of what was happening are of great significance. The review concludes that the undoubted literary merits of the product complement the deeper content of the book.