The structural change of international relations system at the end of the Cold war has resulted in US becoming the sole superpower or hyperpower. The US took advantage of this position and strived to build a hegemonic world order based on US military-strategic superiority and soft-power. Implementation of this strategy results in “imperial overstrain” a serious revision of US strategic planning in 2010 and 2015. In the context of the continuing decline in the power of the United States (economic, technological and military) relative to other centers of power, it is nonmilitary political methods and instruments that, together with “soft power” and military pressure, increasingly come to the fore in US realizing global geopolitical aspirations.
Israel’s strategy of the “periphery Doctrine” served as a way to enhance security and economic ties and reduce isolation. Following the deterioration of the regional situation Israel had begun to consolidate new relations with peripheral nations. The post-Arab Spring regional order has largely transformed the Central Asia-Israel potential partnership. New regional order has jeopardized Israel’s geostrategic balance, and so that country is looking to deepen alliances in the Muslim world. Central Asian states can fill that role. The basis for this partnership is the understanding by the involved parties that they share certain security and economic interests that can provide benefits.
The article is devoted to political and cultural heritage of Sogdians (“merchants outside empires”). This is the Central Asian people, who lived in a period from around the 6th century BC. until the middle of the Middle Ages, and then were dispersed in the vastness of Khorasan region. Throughout its history the Sogdians played the role of the most important trade intermediaries on some segments of the Silk Road, many researchers today consider “Silk Road” and “Sogdian Trade Network” as synonyms notions.
The article studies the perception of Modernism by the Catholic Church as a movement within the clerical structure and philosophy that existed during the 19-20th centuries in the framework of general skepticism and rejection of tradition, prioritization of individualism, formal equality, faith in inevitability of social, scientific and technological progress, rationalization and professionalization. A distinctive feature of this movement is the participation of the priests themselves, especially in France and Italy.
The article attempts to answer the question if there is a geopolitical school in Chile. It revews the origins of political thought in Chile as well as first geopoliticians of the new independent republic, such as B. O’Higgins. It analyzes the key events of the two periods in the history of Chile’s foreign policy of the nineteenth century – the period of regional and continental power politics. The Pacific War (1879-1883) of the continental period allowed Chileans to expand their «living space» and approved Chile as a key power in South Pacific.
The economic crisis of 2008-2010 caused extensive discussion among leading economists, financial experts, politicians about the need to reform the global financial system with capitals in New York and London. Today international financial centres are the key elements of the global financial system, which lined up mechanisms to attract and manage capital flows around the world. At the same time, in the academic literature and studies of leading financial organizations, there isn’t an established definition of “international financial center”.
The article reviews the current state of global energy security studies and proposes solutions for theoretical problems presented in those studies. For this purpose the global energy security has been defined as the state of international affairs free from crises, provoked by unilateral actions by states toward national energy security. Based on the analysis of global energy security as global public good and applying the international regimes theory, the author explores the substance of global energy security and approaches for its provision.
The article describes key aspects of global energy issues, with an emphasis on energy security. The Russian Federation is to face three inter-related challenges: provide energy security, stimulate economic growth and protect the environment, reducing emissions of greenhouse gases that will reduce the level of air pollution and contribute to the global improvement of the atmosphere. The author analyzes the status and prospects of world energy markets and the forecast of their development for the period up to 2050.
The article discusses current state of Russian electric power industry and the main problems of its development in the future of global energy revolution, which will lead to a significant increase in share of renewable energy in global production and consumption of energy and use of industrial energy storage, and will make it possible to change the structure of the industry and significantly reduce electricity prices. Traditional energy generation displacement by renewables associated with emergence of new, more cost effective technologies. Producers of “disruptive technologies” receive advantages over importers of innovations, which are especially noticeable during the formation of the new technological wave.
Almost all countries in the world actively regulate both import and export of agricultural products, however this process is very conflictгфд because of acute contradictions on the market. They are associated with the changing conditions of production, increase of attention of the world community to the food securitysituation, change of the used resources efficiency level, competition enhancement. Both internal and external components of agricultural producers support are important for Russia.