The article shows that the validity of scientific knowledge being trustworthy is extremely important for ensuring national security. At the same time, there are objective and subjective factors that undermine confidence in it. Among the ob-jective factors is the formation of a reflexive socio-natural reality that acquires a non-linear character of development that, accordingly, implies the formation, of non-linear knowledge based on the transition from the traditional revealing of rigid correlations between facts and phenomena to a theoretical and methodo-logical instruments that can take into account many uncertainties that are manifested in the form of social disruptions, cultural traumas, unintended conse-quences of the innovation human activity.
The article deals with the dynamics of knowledge about the future, factors that determine the need for its »rediscovery« today, among which: the transition of mankind to the dominance of non-linear development; the destruction by globalization of the natural boundaries of civilizational formations, which led to direct interaction of local human civilizations and new conflicts between them; the formation of a unified socio-techno-natural reality; the emergence of complex systems pote
The paper examines the role of food factor in the liberal biopolitics from its birth to the present day. According to the author, the consequences of this policy of food administration are ambivalent in character. On the one hand, there are real gains in mass production of food, its delivery to the consumer, medical supervision of the implementation of its quality. However, on the other hand, the basic principles of this biopolitics – scientism, formal rationalism, pragmatism and commercialism have not allowed to solve the problems of social inequality in the access to healthy food and of illuminating the hunger. In the end of the last century the liberal biopolitics acquired globo-networked and neo-liberal character but the corresponding transition from the national to the global scale administration of food production only intensified risks and challenges of modern human nutrition. In a number of countries including Russia there appeared the problems of food security.
The author analyzes new vulnerabilities appeared as a result of the becoming of the complex socium that has become a topical subject of debate in social science. It is shown that these vulnerabilities manifest new risks for the functioning of the society and its members. The self-sufficiency of the modern society is in real danger: the formation of a complex society passed the barrier, after which the viability of the society is by no means guaranteed.
In article the author analyzes the new vulnerabilities which have arisen as a result of the formation of the complex socium in modern Russian society. It is shown that these vulnerabilities bear with themselves new risks for the functioning of the society and its members.
In article problems of the introduction of mankind in the difficult society which intrinsic line is the formation which is occurring not linearly, with accompanying risks, traumas, gaps, paradoxes are considered. The author claims that adequate interpretation of these processes does necessary humanistic turn in sociology. Respectively, the interdisciplinary humanistic theory of complexity which itself is at a formation stage, is capable to prove approaches to implementation of humanistically focused modernization of the Russian society.
The article deals with the problems of the outcomes of entering the complex society by the humanity. The complex social realities require consequently the complex theory. Through its basic principles the newer risks of “World Risk Society” (U. Beck) are analyzed. One of the features of the social complexity is radical changes in the morality as a social institution. The concept of the liquid morality and its rediscovery is proposed. The author agues that this morality facilitates the adaptation to the more complex social and cultural dynamics.