Kravchenko S.A.

Trust in Scientific Knowledge under the Conditions of New Threats for National Security of Russian Federation

The article shows that the validity of scientific knowledge being trustworthy is extremely important for ensuring national security. At the same time, there are objective and subjective factors that undermine confidence in it. Among the ob-jective factors is the formation of a reflexive socio-natural reality that acquires a non-linear character of development that, accordingly, implies the formation, of non-linear knowledge based on the transition from the traditional revealing of rigid correlations between facts and phenomena to a theoretical and methodo-logical instruments that can take into account many uncertainties that are manifested in the form of social disruptions, cultural traumas, unintended conse-quences of the innovation human activity.

“Rediscovery” Of Knowledge About the Future: Perspectives of Russia’s Security Up To 2050

The article deals with the dynamics of knowledge about the future, factors that determine the need for its »rediscovery« today, among which: the transition of mankind to the dominance of non-linear development; the destruction by globalization of the natural boundaries of civilizational formations, which led to direct interaction of local human civilizations and new conflicts between them; the formation of a unified socio-techno-natural reality; the emergence of complex systems pote

The Factor of Food in Biopolitics and National Security

The paper examines the role of food factor in the liberal biopolitics from its birth to the present day. According to the author, the consequences of this policy of food administration are ambivalent in character. On the one hand, there are real gains in mass production of food, its delivery to the consumer, medical supervision of the implementation of its quality. However, on the other hand, the basic principles of this biopolitics – scientism, formal rationalism, pragmatism and commercialism have not allowed to solve the problems of social inequality in the access to healthy food and of illuminating the hunger. In the end of the last century the liberal biopolitics acquired globo-networked and neo-liberal character but the corresponding transition from the national to the global scale administration of food production only intensified risks and challenges of modern human nutrition. In a number of countries including Russia there appeared the problems of food security.

Philosophy and sociology studies at MGIMO

Philosophy and Social science school of MGIMO has received both nationwide and international recognition. The traditions of the school were laid by two highly respected scientists and science managers, George P. Frantsev, who was the rector MGIMO during the crucial period of its early years, and Alexander F. Shishkin, who was the founder and head of the Department of Philosophy. The former belonged to one of the best schools of antic history studies of the Petersburg (Leningrad) University. Frantsev made a great contribution to the restoration of Russian social and political science after World War II. After graduating from MGIMO, he worked at the Foreign Ministry of USSR, and then served as a rector of the Academy of Social Sciences and chief-editor of the journal "Problems of Peace and Socialism" in Prague. He consistently supported MGIMO scientists and recommended them as participants for international congresses and conferences.
Shishkin was born in Vologda, and studied in Petrograd during 1920s. His research interests included history of education and morality. He was the author of the first textbook on ethics in the postwar USSR. Other works Shishkin, including monograph “XX century and the moral values of humanity”, played a in reorienting national philosophy from class interests to universal moral principles. During thirty years of his leadership of the Department of Philosophy, Shishkin managed to prepare several generations of researchers and university professors. Scientists educated by Shishkin students consider themselves to be his "scientific grandchildren". The majority of MGIMO post-graduate students followed the footsteps of Frantsev in their research, but they also were guided by Shishkin’s ideas on morality in human relations.

Development of Complex Socium: a Humanistic Turn

The author analyzes new vulnerabilities appeared as a result  of the becoming of the complex  socium that has become a topical subject of debate in social science. It is shown that these vulnerabilities manifest new risks for the functioning of the society and its members.  The self-sufficiency of the modern society is in real danger: the formation of a complex society passed the barrier, after which the viability of the society is by no means guaranteed. 

To Justifying of the Humanistic Theory of Complexity of Society

In article problems of the introduction of mankind in the difficult society which intrinsic line is the formation which is occurring not linearly, with accompanying risks, traumas, gaps, paradoxes are considered. The author claims that adequate interpretation of these processes does necessary humanistic turn in sociology. Respectively, the interdisciplinary humanistic theory of complexity which itself is at a formation stage, is capable to prove approaches to implementation of humanistically focused modernization of the Russian society.

The Emergence of Complex, Un–linear Developing Socium: The Challenges to Russia

The article deals with the problems of the outcomes of entering the complex society by the humanity. The complex social realities require consequently the complex theory. Through its basic principles the newer risks of “World Risk Society” (U. Beck) are analyzed. One of the features of the social complexity is radical changes in the morality as a social institution. The concept of the liquid morality and its rediscovery is proposed. The author agues that this morality facilitates the adaptation to the more complex social and cultural dynamics.