The structural change of international relations system at the end of the Cold war has resulted in US becoming the sole superpower or hyperpower. The US took advantage of this position and strived to build a hegemonic world order based on US military-strategic superiority and soft-power. Implementation of this strategy results in “imperial overstrain” a serious revision of US strategic planning in 2010 and 2015. In the context of the continuing decline in the power of the United States (economic, technological and military) relative to other centers of power, it is nonmilitary political methods and instruments that, together with “soft power” and military pressure, increasingly come to the fore in US realizing global geopolitical aspirations.
The article discusses the beginning of the ISIS and traces back its organizational and territorial roots. The authors present the causal analysis of structural and internal factors that contributed to the formation of the Islamic state. The authors believe that ISIS can be destroyed only by eliminating the factors that led to its creation.
The article deals with ethnic and religious problems of modern Yemen. Based on the analysis of the main barriers between Yemeni societies, the author assesses the political and economic basis of separatist tendencies in the country. In the prospective part of the article the author examines the possible development of disintegration tendencies in the country.
The article deals with the the problems of Shiites community in Saudi Arabia. To this end, issues such as the position of the Shiites in the KSA, the problem of their participation in the public life of the kingdom, the growing protest movement in this community are analyzed. The author assess the prospects for the settlement of inter-confessional conflict between Sunnis and Shiites in the kingdom.
The article deals with the transition to inflation targeting, which is a flexible and relatively new method of monetary policy. The Israeli experience in this field is analyzed. The paper shows that, after long periods of high inflation and disinflation the Bank of Israel has adopted the most efficient and painless for other macroeconomic objectives tools.