Chernikova T.V.

New World Outlook in the Light of The Westernization of Peter I

The reign of Peter I paradoxically combined both the apogee of the might of the old patrimonial state and the accelerated westernization of the country. The article briefly analyzes some of the factors that strengthened the state patrimonial system: the consequences of the decree on the Unified Heritage of 1714 and the expansion of serfdom due to the appearance of new categories of serfs.

Moscow Kingdom and the European Innovation of the Time of Troubles

The article is devoted to the examination of the issue of Russian borrowing of military and technical as well as cultural experience of the West at the beginning of the Time of Troubles during the reign of Feodor I Ivanovich (1584–1598), Boris Godunov (1598–1605) and Dmitry the Pretender (1605–1606). One of the channels of the Russian contact with the west-European “powder revolution” and culture was foreigners on Moscow service. A lot of them were the military; doctors of the Tsar had a huge power; some merchants (for example, Jerome Horsey) carried out special orders of the Russian government.

The sources of Reforms of Peter I in reforms of the state administration in the government of Feodor III and in the government of regent Sofia

The article is devoted to an examination of a question of the reform of the state administration in the government of Feodor III and in the government of regent Sofia in the last quarter of XVII century. The author tries to find the parallels between the reforms of the state administration of Peter I and the reforms of the state administration of Feodor III and I and regent Sofia. The author tries to find, what were the reasons of the reforms and the results and significance of this phenomenon.

Western Foreigners on the Russian Service and Royal Doctors in the Time of Ivan the Terrible

The article is devoted to an examination of a question of the use of different western experts on the Russian service in the XVI century. The author tries to find out in what areas and what kind of foreign experts were used in Russia at the times of Ivan IV; what were the reasons for the use of the Western European experts as well as results and significance of this phenomenon. Changes in the position of immigrants from the Western Europe during one and a half centuries are also examined.